Dental caries classification using depthwise separable convolutional neural network for teledentistry system

Trie Maya Kadarina, Zendi Iklima, Rinto Priambodo, Riandini Riandini, Rika Novita Wardhani


Caries may be halted or reversed in their progression by early detection, better hygiene habits, and coadministered drugs. The major clinical procedures for identifying dental caries are visual-tactile examination and dental radiography. However, due to their location, approximate caries exceedingly difficult to detect and affect the clinical assessment. Incorrect interpretations may also hinder the diagnostic procedure. Computational approaches and technology can be used to help dentists assess caries. Teledentistry has the ability to improve dental health care by providing access to dental care services from a remote location. Teledentistry helps identifying various stages of caries lesions using neural network and devices connected to the internet. This research develops an image classification for teledentistry systems using depthwise separable convolutional neural network. The trainable parameters reduction of depthwise separable convolution (DSC) successfully reduces the computational cost of conventional convolutional neural networks (CNN). As a result, the DSC model is reduced by 91.49% when compared to the traditional CNN model. Several DSC models improve conventional CNN accuracies in the training, validation, evaluation, and testing stages.


Convolutional neural network; Dental caries; Depthwise separable convolution; Image classification; Teledentistry

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).