Digital handwriting characteristics for dysgraphia detection using artificial neural network

Mohamed Ikermane, Abdelkrim El Mouatasim


Despite all of the technical advancements in writing and text editing with keyboards on numerous devices, writing with a pen remains a fundamental ability in modern human existence. Handwriting disabilities are referred to as dysgraphia. Nonetheless, how well they are taught to write in school, 10-30% of children never attain a respectable level of handwriting. Early identification is critical because it can help children avoid difficulties in their behavioral and academic development. On blank papers attached to digital tablets, 280 individuals were asked to complete the concise evaluation scale for children’s handwriting (BHK), with 218 having typical handwriting and 62 having dysgraphia. In addition to their age and BHK quality and speed scores, 12 variables identifying digital handwriting across several domains (static, kinematic, pressure, and tilt) were collected. In this paper, we provided a rapid and automated dysgraphia classification approach using an artificial neural network (ANN) model. Using digital handwriting traits as an input to the ANN approach, the prediction findings were encouraging and very accurate, reaching 96% accuracy, and they could lead to the development of a new self-administered dysgraphia screening tool.


Artificial neural network; BHK test; Digital handwriting; Digitizer tablet; Dropout dysgraphia; Keras

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).