Performance analysis for a suitable propagation model in outdoor with 2.5 GHz band

Zaenab Shakir, Abbas Al-Thaedan, Ruaa Alsabah, Monera Salah, Ali AlSabbagh, Josko Zec


As demand for mobile wireless network services continues to rise, network planning and optimization significantly affect development. One of the critical elements in network planning is predicting pathloss. Thus, propagation models predict pathloss in indoor and outdoor environments. Choosing the appropriate propagation model for the area out of existing models is essential for network planning. Selected propagation models suitable with 2.5GHz, such as Friis Free Space Propagation Model (FSPL), Sandford University Interim (SUI), Ericsson, Okumura, and COST-231 HATA models, are utilized for evaluation and compared with empirical data collected from long-term evolution (LTE) networks in urban areas. The best acceptable model is chosen based on statistical results such as mean, standard deviation, and root mean square errors (RMSE). The analytical results show Cost-231 Hata model fits the empirical pathloss with a minimum RMSE of 5.27 dB.


2.5 GHz; 4G; Network planning; Pathloss; Propagation models

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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).