Development of playfair cryptosystem based on generation a multi-dimensional key matrix

Mustafa Dhiaa Al-Hassani, Methaq Talib Gaata


Playfair is considered as one of the classical encryption symmetric methods, it has a limitation of using just 5×5 matrix, which means only 25 English letters could be represented. In this work, a 2D and 3D method is adopted as an expanded matrix that encompass the overall American standard code for information interchange (ASCII) codes in a permuted manner for all symbols of any language. Any sort of the multi-dimensional matrix will enhance the security by increasing the complexity on the attacker to try 256! patterns of keys probabilities instead of 25!. The key-matrix is generated from the chaotic maps for some control parameters as patterns of non-repeating random numbers from 0 to 255 equivalent to their ASCII code values. The security of the proposed method not rely only on the number of key probabilities, but exceed that to: matrix dimensionality, encryption/decryption algorithms, initial chaotic parameters, and key-matrix values permutation. The efficiency of the proposed cryptosystem has been investigated when tested on 784 samples according to security measurements in which the obtained number of pixels change rate (NPCR) (99.609) is very close to the ideal value, while the correlation plotting close to zero (0.00058) and entropy near from 8 (7.9998).


Chaotic map; Cryptography; Key matrix generation; Playfair encryption; Polygram cipher

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).