Energy efficient clustering-based routing algorithm for internet of things

Aya Saad, Islam Hegazy, El Sayed M. El-Horbaty


Routing process is one of the most critical processes in wireless sensor network (WSN). Due to WSN is mainly used in many applications in internet of things (IoT), routing algorithm can affect the performance of these applications. Thus, the usage of inefficient routing algorithm may lead to losing the data collected by sensors. Moreover, it will cause the sensors to waste energy. This paper proposes an energy efficient clustering-based routing algorithm that is based on tunicate swarm algorithm (TSA). TSAbased clustering algorithm selects the optimal cluster head by calculating the remaining energy, the distance to the base station (BS), the distance to each cluster member and balancing the load between the created clusters. TSAbased routing algorithm is used to create paths from cluster heads to the BS using relay nodes. The TSA-based routing algorithm creates the paths based on the path length, the count of relay nodes in the path, and the number of cluster members of each relay node. The result shows that the proposed algorithm is promising in respect of extending the lifetime of the network and conserving the energy.


Clustering; Internet of things; Routing; Tunicate swarm algorithm; Wireless sensor network

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).