Local binary pattern and its derivatives to handwriting-based gender classification

Faycel Abbas, Abdeljalil Gattal, Rafik Menassel


Several studies by psychologists and computer scientists have verified the link between handwriting and writer gender. The texture of the writing image is a major indicator of whether it is male or female writing. This paper conducts a comparison analysis to examine the effectiveness of various local binary patterns (LBPs) techniques in detecting gender from scanned images of handwriting. We study different LBP variants, including complete local binary pattern (CLBP), local ternary pattern (LTP), local configuration pattern (LCP), rotated local binary pattern (RLBP), local binary pattern variance (LBPV), and multi-scale local binary pattern (MLBP), as features for representing handwriting images. A support vector machine (SVM) is trained using features from male and female writing. The method achieves encouraging classification rates of 76.68 when tested on subsets of the Qatar University writer identification (QUWI) dataset containing English and Arabic writing samples when using the experimental protocols of the International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR) 2013 gender classification competitions.


Gender classification; Multi-scale local binary pattern; Qatar University writer identification dataset

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v12i6.5488


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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).