Block diagonalization precoding and power allocation for clustering small-cell networks

Toha Ardi Nugraha, Indar Surahmat, Firdaus Firdaus


The clustering network is a solution to improve data-rate transmission in small-cells. In this case, clustering small-cells (CSCs) adopt a multiple antennas concept. The multiple antennas are used to maximize the downlink data-rate transmission at the users, but it requires precoding techniques to minimize interference among CSC users. This paper proposes a block diagonalization (BD) as a precoding technique for minimizing interference among CSC users. The performance of the BD precoding implemented on the clustering network under various numbers of small-cells. The CSC also implements a water-filling power allocation (PA-CoopWF) to distribute the available transmission power along with the CSCs antennas. To show the performance, our paper simulates two types of precoding techniques; those are the proposed BD and minimum mean square error (MMSE) in CSCs. Based on the receiver user parts under the overlapping coordination of CSCs, our method based on the BD precoding achieves considerably higher data-rate transmission compared to the MMSE precoding, especially on larger clusters. The simulation also shows that by implementing CSC with the BD in short-range distances and higher numbers of antennas, it promotes better data-rate performances compared to the MMSE precoding by 2.75 times at distance 100m and 67% at 50 antennas.


Block diagonalization; Cellular network; Clustering network; Power allocation; Precoding; Small-cells

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