A flexible paper based strain sensors drawn by pencil for low-cost pressure sensing applications

Mohd Norzaidi Mat Nawi, Jim Tze Ho Lau


Paper-based strain sensors, offering a cost-effective and environmentally friendly solution, are in demand for pressure sensing applications. Here, we present a simple sensor design comprising a piece of paper, a graphite pencil, and a copper plate. The proposed fabrication process is simple and eco-friendly. Beyond design and fabrication, our study explores the performance of paper-based sensors in effectively measuring and monitoring pressure changes induced by varying deflection angles. Our findings show that as the deflection angle increases, the sensor exhibits a proportional increase in the relative change in resistance. Furthermore, the practical applicability of the fabricated sensor is demonstrated through real-world testing on a human finger, considering different positions. In essence, our research positions paper-based strain sensors as a promising and practical choice for affordable, eco-friendly, and responsive pressure sensing.


Flexible sensor; Paper and pencil; Paper based sensor; Pressure sensor; Strain sensor

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i4.8001


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).