Implementation of energy-efficient routing protocol within real time clustering wireless sensor networks

Salam Mahdi Azooz, Jaber H. Majeed, Raed Khalid Ibrahim, Adnan Hussein Ali

Abstract


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are characterized by huge sensors that are having a limited amount of energy and specifying their behavior. Sensor networks combine distributed sensing, processing, and communication capabilities to create a powerful system. There are issues with the length of sensors connected to the network since features inside the sensors frequently require energy, which is likely to limit WSN performance. In creating WSN application architectures, extending network longevity, scalability, and load balancing are important factors. Using clustering techniques, the challenge of prolonging overall network lifetime and increasing the first dead node duration in the network may be tackled. Clustering is a valuable approach for breaking a network into parts known as clusters and giving solutions for energy consumption concerns including data collection, aggregating, and routing to sink nodes by cluster heads (CHs). In this paper, we suggest optimum clustering in multi-path and multi-hop protocols as a feasible option for reducing energy consumption and extending the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. In compared to the low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) clustering method, simulation results show that the new technique, optimal real time clustering (ORTC), is promising in terms of extending network lifetime.

Keywords


Clustering; Low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy algorithm; Network lifetime; Optimal real time clustering; Wireless sensor networks

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i4.3916

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