Applying convolutional neural network and Nadam optimization in flower classification

Qurrotul Aini, Zulfiandri Zulfiandri, Rezky Firmansyah, Yunifa Miftachul Arif

Abstract


Flowers have a variety of shapes, colors and structures, the images of which need to be classified using guided learning techniques. Several studies classify flowers using machine learning, but their accuracy performance is not good. The thing is, the flowers come in a variety of colors that can sometimes look similar to the background. Therefore, this study aims to classify flowers using a convolutional neural network (CNN) and measure its performance. The method used is mixed methods by collecting existing data from previous studies and connecting it with the realities in the field. The Kozłowski and Steinbrener models were used, while the image data was obtained from the Oxford17 and Oxford102 dataset with 17 and 102 flower types, respectively. The results show 60% and 84% accuracy of CNN using the scratch and transfer learning approach for the Oxford17 dataset. The Oxford102 dataset shows 42% and 64%, respectively, with CNN from baseline and transfer learning.

Keywords


Convolutional neural network; Transfer learning; ResNet; Nadam optimization; Flower classification

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i4.6203

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).